This briefing gives an overview of the status of ZEV development in the emerging economies of Africa. 

Electric shares of total vehicle sales in Africa are well below levels found in many developing countries in other regions. The EV shares are even lower if imported used vehicles are taken into account, since about 1.5 million used vehicles are imported into Africa every year.

Regarding EV policies, a few African countries, including Cape Verde, Kenya, and Morocco, have announced non-legally binding EV targets. For example, Cape Verde has set 100% EV targets for new sales of passenger cars by 2035 and urban buses by 2040, as well as interim electrification objectives for fleet segments—including passenger cars, urban buses, and government vehicles—and for the nation’s charging infrastructure.

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