This case study report presents the business model for the cross-border local rail passenger transport service of the Tyrol suburban railway on its line S3, operated between the city of Innsbruck (Austria) and the border railway station Brenner / Brennero (Italy). This report is part of a series of 31 case studies developed in the framework of the study ‘Providing public transport in cross-border regions – Mapping of existing services and legal obstacles’. Spatial Foresight in cooperation with TCP international, TRT trasporti e territorio and EureConsult completed this study for the European Commission’s DG REGIO.

The case studies highlight a variety of business models for cross-border public transport services. This includes governance arrangements and operational provisions to develop the service and address demand in border regions. These aspects will be introduced in section 2, as well as the territorial scope of the service. Section 3 presents key obstacles related to the business model as well as solutions. Section 4 is about lessons learnt from this case.

This case study covers: – a cross-border rail passenger transport service of the Tyrol suburban railway that operates on a shorter segment of the Brenner Railway, with the latter being part of the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) and a major bottleneck on the TEN-T Core Network Scandinavia-Mediterranean Corridor; – a simple governance model for the service, since it is only goes to the first station on the Italian side (i.e. Brenner / Brennero); – positive effects on local and cross-border connectivity due to high service frequency and effective coordination of timetables for the suburban and regional connecting trains; – the added value of a strong and mutually shared political will to continuously improve domestic and cross-border local public transport within the two neighbouring border regions of Tyrol and Bolzano-South Tyrol and also in the trilateral cross-border ‘Euregio Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino’; – cross-border tariff integration of the final destination on the Italian side (Brenner / Brennero station) driven by one side and supported by the introduction of a cross-border day ticket valid in all three Euregio member regions; – the absence of major obstacles for the set-up and ongoing operation of the service, mainly due to the very short cross-border section.

The main sources for this case study were published documents and websites. The latter were particularly important so the case study considers recent developments. Moreover, very valuable and complementary information came from an interview with the Transport Association Tyrol (Verkehrsverbund Tirol, VVT). The case study evidence on the suburban railway service on line S3 has also been cross-checked by VVT.

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