This case study report presents the business model for the cross-border public service Ringlinjen between Haparanda (Sweden) and Tornio (Finland). This report is part of a series of 31 case studies developed in the framework of the study ‘Providing public transport in cross-border regions – Mapping of existing services and legal obstacles’. Spatial Foresight in cooperation with TCP international, TRT trasporti e territorio and EureConsult completed this study for the European Commission’s DG REGIO.

The case studies highlight a variety of business models for cross-border public transport services. This includes governance arrangements and operational provisions to develop the service and address demand in border regions. These aspects will be introduced in section 2, as well as the territorial scope of the service. Section 3 presents key obstacles related to the business model as well as solutions. Section 4 is about lessons learned from this case. This case study report demonstrates the benefit of a jointly owned travel centre on the border as a solution to making transport services more integrated. The jointly owned travel centre acts as a major node for both local, and regional bus services. It has helped passengers crossing the border to change buses. This case study report is based on desk research of Haparanda and Tornio websites and other web-based sources. One key interview was with Haparanda municipality, responsible for procuring and monitoring the local Ringlinjen (Ring line) bus service.

Access it here