Haramain high-speed rail (HSR) is expected to commence partial operations in 2017 and full operations in 2018. The line will span 450 km and connect Makkah, Jeddah and Medina.
In October 2011, Spanish-Saudi consortium, Al Shoula Group, secured the EUR6.74-billion contract for Phase II. The consortium comprises Spanish public companies Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF), Renfe, (under the Spanish Ministry of Public Works); Spanish private companies INECO, Indra Sistemas SA., OHL, Consultrans, Copasa, IMATHIA, Cobra, Rail Dimetronic, Inabensa and Talgo, and Saudi companies Al Shoula and Al Rosan.
Phase II involves the supply of track, signalling and telecommunication systems, rolling stock and power supply systems. It also includes construction of 25 rail bridges, 157 crossings (including cable-stayed bridges and culverts) and 70 crossings for camels and cars in Makkah and Medina.
The project has been under construction since 2009 and was earlier scheduled to commence operation in 2016.